Infertility is defined as the inability to conceive within 12 months of trying. Knowing that almost 85% of couples achieve pregnancy during the first year, if conception has not occurred within that period, it may be the time to consult a reproductive endocrinologist.
It means that around 15% of couples are facing infertility, and many of them decide to do a fertility evaluation even before the 1-year timeframe. One of the reasons may be attempting pregnancy for 6 months when the woman is 35 years old or older. Another earlier evaluation might be done if a couple has not managed to conceive and there are known abnormalities in male semen analysis.
How to treat infertility
After different female and male tests and analysis are conducted, and infertility is diagnosed, there are various treatments available depending on the cause. Treatments for men may include surgery, medications and counseling, as hormone treatments. In women, infertility is usually treated with hormones and fertility drugs, but surgery might also be one of the solutions as well.
Besides that, infertility in men and woman can be treated with assisted reproductive technology, which includes techniques like IUI (intrauterine insemination), IVF (in vitro fertilization), GIFT (gamete intrafallopian transfer), and ZIFT (zygote intrafallopian transfer).
IVF abroad: Low-cost treatments in specialized hospitals
IVF is the most common assisted reproductive technology and it refers to in vitro fertilization. There are many specialized hospitals around the world that offer first-class IVF treatments, as well as a consultancy with a reproductive endocrinologist and other specialists.
Patients who travel abroad for this kind of treatment should find the best suitable hospital first, and then contact doctors directly to arrange the treatments. Once an IVF treatment is set, there should be a whole team of specialists involved. A health team should include psychologists, embryologists, lab technicians, physicians, nurses, and other health professionals.
Where to find best doctors
One of the topics related to the infertility is also surrogacy, which includes a healthy female to be a surrogate mother for a couple. This practice is often a reason for arranging a medical journey, especially for couples from developed countries as the cost is much lower abroad. That is why surrogacy in India is growing in popularity.
Also, the IVF cost in India is lower than in many other countries. Knowing that this country provides highly trained doctors and efficient treatments compared to more developed parts of the world, India has become the go-to place when it comes to infertility treatments. Among European countries, IVF cost in Spain is also known to be at the lower price.
Some of the best-known doctors in this field are working in the United States, Check Republic, Spain, Greece, India, and other countries.
Preparing for infertility medical travel
There are more than 3,000 infertility treatment clinics around the world, and it can be an overwhelming experience to find the most suitable one for you and your partner.
And that’s not all. Once you do find the right hospital and get yourself ready for medical travel abroad, there are so much more issues to consider, like ensuring medical travel insurance, conducting visas, arranging flights, accommodation, and local transfers.
It can be overwhelming, especially when you have already faced the treatment-related tasks, such as doctor’s expertise, treatment availability, statistic data on success rates, cost analysis, discreteness of the treatment, etc.
That is why it is strongly advised to engage a medical tourism agency for your journey. That way, the agency will take care of all your travel arrangements and make sure that your treatment is booked and coordinated well in advance. Besides that, they might include a case manager, i.e. the person who is going to help you decide on the right treatment and the right infertility clinic abroad for your needs.
So you can have a piece of mind throughout the whole process. And that is priceless.
LEARNING ABOUT INFERTILITY-IVF
- Fertility network UK
- Resolve – the national infertility association
- Win fertility
- Reproductive facts
- American pregnancy association
- American society for reproductive medicine
- Human fertilisation and embryology authority
- HFEA on fertility and infertility treatment options
- Embryo testing
- GIFT (Gamete intra-fallopian transfer)
- ICSI (Intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection)
- IUI (Intrauterine insemination)
- IVF (In vitro fertilisation)
- IVM (In vitro maturation).
- Donated eggs
- Donated embryos
- Donated sperm
- Mitochondrial donation.
- Bromocriptine, Cabergoline
- Cetrotide, Orgalutran
- Clomifene citrate (Clomid)
- Nafarelin, Buserelin and Goserelin
FREEZING AND STORING:
SURGERY FOR MEN:
- Extraction of sperm
- Testicular biopsy
- Treatment of varicocele
- Unblocking blocked epididymis
- Vasectomy reversal.
SURGERY FOR WOMEN:
- Freeing adhesions
- Removal of fibroids
- Sterilisation reversal
- Treating mild endometriosis
- Treating polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
- Unblocking the fallopian tubes.